26 de octubre de 2010

Heidegger y la lógica


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La editorial Continuum, en el marco de su serie de estudios sobre filosofía continental (Studies in Continental Philosophy), publica esta monografía de Greg Shirley sobre el papel de la lógica en la filosofía de Heidegger, desde sus primeras publicaciones sobre lógica hasta la época de Ser y tiempo: Heidegger and the Logic. The Place of Lógos in Being and Time. El autor se centra sobre todo en la relación de Heidegger con la lógica formal de su tiempo, con la convicción de que los desarrollos del filósofo alemán, y su original concepción del lógos ganada en sus interpretaciones de la obra de Aristóteles, constituyen un interesante planteamiento desde el que abordar la lógica matemática contemporánea.
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La editorial Continuum pone a disposición del lector interesado una extensa porción del libro en línea, de más de 30 págs., que incluye: Indice, Prólogo, Introducción, el primer apartado del Cap. I y un índice de nombres de esta obra.
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Por otro lado, la publicación en línea Notre-Dame Philosophical Reviews ofrece una recensión de esta obra por Jonah Wilberg:
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In his inaugural address at Freiburg University in 1929, Heidegger explicitly challenged the central place given to logical principles in neo-Kantianism, on the basis of a radical account of 'the nothing'. Two years later, Carnap used the tools of symbolic logic to show how Heidegger's assertions about the nothing were illogical and thus meaningless, like much of traditional metaphysics. With Anglo-American philosophers today increasingly interested in the methodology and history of the analytic tradition, it is appropriate that increasing attention is being paid to this emblematic confrontation between Carnap and Heidegger and the philosophical issues emerging from it. Among Heidegger scholars in particular, a fascinating debate has arisen about whether Heidegger's opposition to the methods of modern symbolic logic went as far as Carnap and those following him have claimed.

Greg Shirley's Heidegger and Logic aims to take this debate to the next level, in large part by providing the first sustained treatment of the relevant aspects of Heidegger's early philosophy. Shirley traces Heidegger's treatment of logical issues back to his very earliest work and its neo-Kantian context. He provides a sophisticated interpretation of Heidegger's account of the copula, truth, negation and the nothing in the period surrounding Being and Time. He also gives a detailed interpretation of Heidegger's lecture course on 'The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic', showing that for Heidegger the normativity of formal inference is grounded in the for-the-sake-of structure of the world.

In the final chapter, Shirley directly takes on the issue of the contemporary relevance of Heidegger's views. He argues that the early Heidegger's account of judgement and the foundations of inference is not rendered obsolete by post-Fregean developments in symbolic logic. Furthermore, he argues that this account enables Heidegger to fend off the charge that he is an irrationalist opponent of modern logic.

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Vid. Información editorial en la página web de Continuum.-
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Vid. Indice, Prólogo, Introducción, el primer apartado del Cap. I y un índice de nombres de esta obra en línea.-
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Vid. Recensión de la obre por J. Wilberg en Notre-Dame Philosophical Reviews.-
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